This article seeks to address the disease called Mesothelioma as our topic of discourse in this article.
Mesothelioma is among 2018 world deadliest disease and it will be very good to know everything about this particular disease, its causes, prevalence, preventive measures as well as the management.
Thus I employ you to stick to this article till the last word.
Mesothelioma is a cancerous disease, it will be of great important, you share this pieces of article with everyone you care about and as well, drop in the comment below how the article has been useful to you. Mesothelioma is from cancer family. Mesothelioma is a rare and aggressive cancerous disease.
Its caused by asbestos and forms on the protective covering of the human lung, abdomen and heart.
Its symptoms includes dry coughing, chest pain and shortness of breath. Treatment of mesothelioma include combining surgery, radiation and chemotherapy to improve survival.
Mesothelioma can be caused by asbestos. The ingestion and inhalation of asbestos material is the cause of mesothelioma.
When you ingest asbestos material or inhaled asbestos. The asbestos develop cancer around the persons lung, abdomen and heart and this leads to alterations in the persons DNA. Our gene which is made of DNA control cell growth, multiplication and death in the body. Changes in the gene however leads to uncontrolled cell multiplication and may cause cancer.
Mesothelioma can develop in more one way. Mesothelioma is cancerous in nature. And hence complex medium of development can be witnessed.
The following are the four stages of mesothelioma development.
1. Stage one: A person inhale or swallowed asbestos airborne asbestos fibers material.
2. Stage two: The inhaled asbestos fibers become lodged in the lining of abdomen, lung and or heart.
4. Stage four: This is the last stage. As time passes. tumour begin to as benign tumour (noncancerous) when the cell growth is not invading the body or malignant tumor (cancerous) when the uncontrollable cell multiplication also involves damaging and invasion of the body.
One can easily know that he or she has mesothelioma when one experience the following symptoms.
1. Dry coughing.
3. Shortness of breath.
4. Respiratory irregularities.
5. Fever or night sweats.
6. Chest pain or abdominal pain.
7. Plural effusion ( fluid around the lungs).
These symptoms may vary in rare cases as body make up differs but can always follow the same sequence.
The symptoms also maybe invisible or hidden till the tumour is fully developed and spreading. The mesothelioma latency is between 20-50 years of age.
That’s how long it takes from initial exposure to accurate diagnosis thus many suffering this disease are in their 60s and 70s.
These symptoms may vary in rare cases as body make up differs but can always follow the same sequence. The symptoms also maybe invisible or hidden till the tumour is fully developed and spreading. The mesothelioma latency is between 20-50 years of age. That’s how long it takes from initial exposure to accurate diagnosis thus many suffering this disease are in their 60s and 70s.
It is good you contact a mesothelioma specialist close to you, if you have any long history of asbestos exposure and most times experience some of the symptoms mentioned above. Just like in cancer cases, early diagnosis improve survival and life expectancy.
Advanced or prolong mesothelioma can be life threatening.
Among all the type of mesothelioma, pleural and peritoneal type of mesothelioma are the most common type.
The prognosis, symptoms and treatment option vary by type.
Features: less than 20% in all case, develop on lining surrounding the abdomen, responds best to combination of surgery and heated chemotherapy.
Features: Second – rarest type, forms on soft tissues around the heart and best treated with multimodal approach.
Features; Most rarest type. Develop on the lining of the testes. Best treatment option is surgery.
More than 70 percent of occupations have exposed workers to asbestos. Occupations like Auto mechanics, textile workers, steel mill worker, construction workers and firefighters are at most risk of having mesothelioma.
Veterans; Asbestos used in the military was widespread from 1940 – 1980. Veterans workers from all branch of military are at the risk of exposure.
The Naval officers are most at risk because they use the highest products if asbestos.
Asbestos workers of all kind, carry an atom of asbestos fiber in their body and clothing unknowingly as they walk about. This leads to secondary asbestos exposure to residents including children and women.
Also patients diagnosed with peritoneal type of mesothelioma have a higher chance of survival. Patients eligible to undergo multimodal treatment (Treatment combining two or more of the standard-of-care treatment) has a better life expectancy of survival.
The mesothelioma cell are the cells that play significant role in the prognosis and life expectancy. They are cells that help play this role.
Sarcomatoid Cell: These cells are least responsive to treatment. Mesothelioma Patients with this cells have poorer chance of survival. The cell comprises of 10% of diagnosis.
Biphasic Cell: These cells are the least responsive to prognosis.
Answer: The life expectancy of mesothelioma patients are always estimated to be 12 months after diagnosis.
Answer: The stage and cell type that are involved in the cancerous disease are the factors that most affect prognosis.
Age can also affect prognosis. Young Children and women are better off than older men.
Answer: All mesothelioma patients can improve prognosis to a great extent by maintaining balanced diet. Eating nutrients- rich diet, undergoing cancer treatment, including multimodal therapy and staying healthy can help improve prognosis.
Note: To maintain a balance diet or nutrients-rich foods, you will need to consult a dietician or nutritionist. And or probably make sure that you consume everyday the six class of found in the recommended amount.
Mesothelioma is a rare cancer disease. It can be found in 0.3% of all cancer case. Most doctors and oncologist sometimes never find it.
According to the study published in 2009 in the journal of General Internal Medicine states that cancer care “requires a technical knowledge and skills of specialty physician such as medical oncologist, surgeon and radiation oncologist.
In the document of specialty cancer, Doctors established the following facts.
- Goal for treatment and prognosis.
- the possibility use of chemotherapy
- first type of treatment.
- possible participation of clinical trial.
These are the key factors that impact mesothelioma patient’s survival. These reason place a high a value on finding a mesothelioma specialist as this will increase the life expectancy and chance of survival.
1. Abraham Lebenthal: Brigham and Women’s Hospital. Dr Abraham Lebenthal is a distinguished thoracic surgeon who also specialized in treating and managing pleural Mesothelioma patients at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Boston VA Hospital. Dr Lebenthal works alongside Dr Sugarbaker at Brigham and teaches at Harvard Medical School.
Dr Robert B Cameron is high profile mesothelioma specialist. He developed a lung-sparing for pleural Mesothelioma that not only extend survival but offers greater quality of life by preserving the lung. Cameron’s techniques of surgery has low risk of complications and report disclosed longer survival times.
Note: To find mesothelioma specialist close to you around the world. Drop your country, States in the comment box below. We will help you find the closest medical oncologist to you.
The treatment and prognosis of mesothelioma helps patients to live longer.
However body make up differs and treatment option varies from patients. The Most Common Option for Mesothelioma include;
The treatment of mesothelioma by surgical method is the best. It offers greatest chance of survival. Usually used for diagnosis, tumor removal or palliative care to reduce pain. Patients with strong health and limited cancer spread has better chance of survival
These treatment option involves more than 70% of the patients. It involve the use of powerful and effective drug to shrink tumors and kill cancer cells.
This method help boost the immune to fight against the cancer cells. Its primarily used in clinical trial.
This treatment option is used to reduce pain from growing tumors. When combined with surgery and chemotherapy, it help to reduce the risk of local reoccurrence. It can be used in any cancer stage.
This is the combination of two or more treatment option. Reports disclosed that this method has a great survival rate.
A multimodal treatment approach to peritoneal mesothelioma patients. Surgery is used to remove many tumors as possible. Then chemotherapy is applied to the abdominal cavity to destroy the remaining cancer cell.
It may involve, surgery, radiation, chemotherapy of HIPEC. The purpose is not curative in nature. Its employed to reduce general pain and as well improve prognosis and survival chances.
The clinical trial offers patients to experimental therapies. Patients in clinical trial has a better chance to receive a quality care as well furnish researchers the information required to manufacture effective medicine.
Herbal medicine, body – therapy, holistic approach and other complimentary therapies are all advised provided life is secured. Thanks for being Informed. Did this article help you? Feel free to share with family and friends to educate them.
Remember cancer is killer disease and mesothelioma is even worse. So see a doctor today.